The first thing we are going to think if we talk about web servers is Apache and Nginx. And it is that these two web servers are the most used around the world thanks to the speed, stability, and flexibility that both provide. However, there are other solutions that we have to consider. Today, you will learn how to install Lighttpd on Linux Mint 20.
What is Lighttpd?
Before we start, it’s worth telling you a bit about Lighttpd. In a nutshell, it is a secure, fast and flexible web server that is optimized for high-performance environments. One of its main advantages is that it consumes very few resources compared to other web servers, and is especially fast for running AJAX applications.
As it could not be otherwise, it is open source, and we can use it in almost any production environment thanks to its license. Finally, it is important to know that Lighttpd is available for many Unix-based operating systems, such as Linux and its different distributions.
In summary, if you like a fast and resource-efficient web server, don’t hesitate and choose Lighttpd.
Install the Lighttpd Server on Linux Mint
Linux Mint is a derivative of Ubuntu, which in turn has one of the most essential package repositories on Linux. This means that Lighttpd is present in these repositories, so you can do the procedure without problems.
So, open a terminal or connect via SSH to your server
Then, make sure that Linux Mint is updated
sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
Now just run this command to install Lighttpd
sudo apt install lighttpd
You can also check the version that has been installed
lighttpd/1.4.55 (ssl) - a light and fast webserver
This is enough.
Configuring Lighttpd in Linux Mint
Once you have installed the web server, you need to start it with the
sudo systemctl start lighttpd
The next step you need to do is to enable it to start up with the system
sudo systemctl enable lighttpd
Finally, you can check the status of the service to make sure that everything is in order:
sudo systemctl status lighttpd
If everything is OK, you will see a screen output like this:
● lighttpd.service - Lighttpd Daemon
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/lighttpd.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: active (running) since Mon 2022-06-06 23:44:45 UTC; 1min 38s ago
Main PID: 3395 (lighttpd)
Tasks: 1 (limit: 4556)
└─3395 /usr/sbin/lighttpd -D -f /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
Jun 06 23:44:45 imaginelinux systemd: Starting Lighttpd Daemon...
Jun 06 23:44:45 imaginelinux systemd: Started Lighttpd Daemon.
The next step you have to do is to open the ports in the firewall. This is so the system will accept requests on ports
sudo ufw allow 80/tcp
sudo ufw allow 443/tcp
Now access with a web browser to
http://localhost and you should see this image:
So, Lighttpd is installed and working.
Enable PHP support in Lighttpd
If you are going to have a server with Lighttpd, you will most likely need PHP. Therefore, in this section, you will learn how to enable PHP support for Lighttpd.
First, install PHP and some of its modules on the system:
sudo apt install php7.4 php7.4-fpm php7.4-mysql php7.4-cli php7.4-curl
Next, you need to edit the PHP configuration file.
sudo nano /etc/php/7.4/fpm/pool.d/www.conf
And locate the line that starts with
listen and leave it like this:
listen = 127.0.0.1:9000
Save the changes and close the file.
Now you have to edit another PHP configuration file.
sudo nano /etc/lighttpd/conf-available/15-fastcgi-php.conf
Replace the lines
"bin-path" => "/usr/bin/php-cgi",
"socket" => "/var/run/lighttpd/php.socket",
"host" => "127.0.0.1",
"port" => "9000",
Save the changes and close the editor.
It only remains to enable the modules that will allow integrating PHP and Lighttpd:
sudo lighty-enable-mod fastcgi
sudo lighty-enable-mod fastcgi-php
And restart the services for the configurations to take effect:
sudo systemctl restart lighttpd php7.4-fpm
This should be enough. However, it is a good idea to test PHP.
So, create a new file and add some PHP code
sudo nano /var/www/html/test.php
Save the changes and close the editor.
Now open the file from the web browser, for example,
Thanks to this post, you learned how to install Lighttpd on Linux Mint. I hope you liked the post, so you can get started with this great web server focused on speed and resource efficiency.