How to Install Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa

This year has been marked by the launch of Ubuntu 20.04. The last LTS of the extraordinary distribution of Canonical is full of new features that you can know thanks to our post.  Installing Ubuntu 20.04 as well as the vast majority of Linux distributions is a fairly simple task. However, it can be a bit confusing for a beginner. That’s why today we will explain it to you step by step.

To make this tutorial, I will use VirtualBox but the process is the same as if it was in real hardware.

So, let’s get started.

1. Download Ubuntu 20.04 and create a USB Bootable drive

First of all, you need to have a Ubuntu Bootable USB.  Windows users can create it using Rufus and download the Ubuntu image from this link.

Once the Bootable USB is ready, you have to access your computer’s configuration and indicate that it will boot from USB.

When it is ready and it has loaded, you will see this first image.

Preparing the installation
Preparing the installation

After the process is complete, you can choose to try Ubuntu without affecting your hard drive or install it. Also in this part, you can choose the language to use.

2. Welcome Screen

As we are going to install it, we select the language and click on the Install Ubuntu button.

Initial steps
Initial steps

3. Choose the Keyboard Layout

On the next screen, choose the Keyboard layout. You can even let the system do it for you by clicking on Detect Keyboard Layout. When you choose it, click Continue.

Select the Keyboard Layout
Select the Keyboard Layout

On the next screen, you can customize the installation. First of all, you can choose between a minimal or a normal installation. If you don’t want to install too much after doing the installation, then choose Normal Installation.

On this same screen, you have the option to install the Ubuntu updates during the installation. It is a good idea to do this. And if you want the installation to be as complete as possible, you can choose to install third-party software such as hardware drivers and more.

Continue the installation.

Customize the Installation
Customize the Installation

4. Choose Installation type

Now it’s time for the more complicated part, which is choosing where the installation will take place. In this case, as it is a virtual machine, it will appear that no operating system has been detected and the installer will propose to remove everything and install Ubuntu.

Installation Type screen
Installation Type screen

However, to show the correct process, I will choose the Something Else option. This option is the one you should choose when you have some other system in your hard drive.

On this screen, you will see that the disk is empty. So, click on New Partition Table.

Hard Drive before installing Ubuntu
Hard Drive before installing Ubuntu

Now the hard disk has a partition table and it informs us about the capacity of the hard disk.

Partition Table added to the hard disk
Partition Table added to the hard disk

5. Creating the partitions

To install Ubuntu you have to create at least two partitions. One is dedicated to the system and the other is called Swap. To create a partition, click on the + button.

Creating a new partition for Ubuntu
Creating a new partition for Ubuntu

In this window, you will be able to create it as you wish. For example, define the size and a file system. In my case, I took away 1Gb for the other partition and I have chosen EXT4 as the file system because it is the recommended one. And as a mount point / which is the root of the system.

The partition for the Ubuntu Installation
The partition for the Ubuntu Installation

When accepting the changes, we notice that the distribution of the hard disk will have changed.

The New Hard drive status
The New Hard drive status

Now we have to create the second partition with the remaining space. Click on the + button again. It is recommended that this partition does not exceed 2Gb and in case your computer has enough RAM you can even not create it.

Create the swap partition to install Ubuntu 20.04
Create the swap partition to install Ubuntu 20.04

Again, by accepting the changes the hard disk will remain like this.

Hard Disk ready to install Ubuntu 20.04
Hard Disk ready to install Ubuntu 20.04

If you agree, accept the changes and continue. As it is a quite delicate operation you will be asked to confirm the changes.

Confirm the hard drive changes
Confirm the hard drive changes

And it will start the installation.

6. Choose Location

During the installation, you will see some screens. The first one will ask you to choose your location.

Installing Ubuntu 20.04
Installing Ubuntu 20.04

7. Create User

Then, in the next one, you have to create the user that will use Ubuntu. You will have to define a password as well as a hostname.

Creating the user for Ubuntu
Creating the user for Ubuntu

Then, you will see the slides that will introduce you to Ubuntu, while the process is completed.

Installing Ubuntu 20.04
Installing Ubuntu 20.04

In the end, you will see a message like this indicating that Ubuntu is already installed.

Ubuntu is installed
Ubuntu is installed

8. Restart the system to complete installation

Reboot the system and unplug the USB stick.

And you’ll have your Ubuntu ready to work.

Ubuntu 20.04 properly installed
Ubuntu 20.04 properly installed

So, the process of installing Ubuntu 20.04 is complete. The distribution is ready for you.

Conclusion

Installing a Linux distribution is a simple task that can sometimes be complicated for some people. So, it is always a good idea to read and document the installation process so that you have a clearer idea when you decide to do it. That was the main goal of the post, to help make the process easier for beginners.

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