How to Install Kali Linux

Kali is one of the most important Linux distributions out there. It is Debian-based and mostly used for advanced Penetration Testing and Security Auditing.

Features,

  • Open-source
  • More than 600 penetration testing tools included
  • Wide-ranging wireless device support
  • Custom kernel, patched for injection
  • Developed in a secure environment
  • Multi-language support

Refer features page for additional details.

In this post, you will learn how to install Kali Linux.

Install Kali Linux

The installation process of Kali Linux is super easy. You need to download the.iso file and create a bootable USB. Then boot from USB and then start the installation. It is wizard-driven.

Let’s see all these steps in detail below.

1. Download Kali Linux and Create Bootable USB

Go to the download page and download the Kali Linux 64-bit installer. The size is big so make sure you have a good internet connection. You will also find a 32-bit installer, the installer for ARM 64, Net installer, etc. Choose the version as per your hardware and preference.

Create a Bootable USB Drive once the download is complete. Connect it and restart your computer or virtual machine.

2.Choose Installation Option

The first image you will see is from the main menu of the installer.

Initial screen
Initial screen

In this first image, you should choose the Graphical Install option. This will start the installer.

3. Select a Language

Then, you will be able to choose the language of the installation and the system in general. Kali supports many so you will not have problems finding yours.

Select the installation Language
Select the installation Language

4. Select your location

On the next screen, you will have to choose the country where you are located. This is to help with the configuration of the system.

Selecting your location
Selecting your location

5. Configure the Keyboard

Now it is the turn of the keyboard. In this screen, you will be able to choose the layout of the keyboard. As with the language, there are many keyboard layouts and you should have no problems finding yours.

Configure keyboard layout
Configure keyboard layout

6. Configure the Network

Next, it’s time to define the hostname. Place yours and click on Continue.

Define the hostname
Define the hostname

7. Define the domain

And now define the domain. Again, set yours and click Continue.

Configuring the domain
Configuring the domain

8. Set up users and password

Like any Linux distribution, Kali works with users. So you have to write the full name of the user. Click on Continue.

Creating the new user
Creating the new user

Now choose a user name. In this case, I have chosen “user”.

User account screen
User account screen

Then, write a password for the user. You have to confirm it.

Define the user password
Define the user password

Now comes the partitioning part

9. Create Partition

This section is the most important. In it, we will work with the disk and define where Kali is going to be installed.

On this screen, you will see several options. If you only want to have Kali on your disk, the first option is for you. Of course, keep in mind that this option will remove the information you have.

Partition Disk
Partition Disk

In this case, I will choose Manual. Select it and click Continue.

Manual Partition
Manual Partition

On the next screen, you will see the hard drive connected to the system. In this case, I only have one that is from the 25.8G virtual machine. Select it and click on Continue.

Computer Disks
Computer Disks

As it is a virtual machine and an empty disk, the disk has no partition table. So, create one by selecting the Yes option and click Continue.

Create e new partition table for the empty disk
Create a new partition table for the empty disk

This screen reflects that the disk is now available for work. Select the Free Space option and click Continue.

Preparing the disk for installing Kali
Preparing the disk for installing Kali

10. Creating the system partition

Create a new partition where we will install the system. To do this, choose the first option and click Continue.

Create the main partition
Create the main partition

Now choose the size of the partition, in this case, I will create it of 24.8G so that the remaining is for the swap.

Define the partition size
Define the partition size

Then select the type of partition, if it will be primary or logical. Choose Primary in this case.

Partition type screen
Partition type screen

Now choose the location of the partition. Select Beginning and click Continue.

Partition location screen
Partition location screen

Then, you will have a proposal similar to this correct one. If not, double click on each option and leave it as in the image. Then, select Done setting up the partition and click Continue.

First partition done
The first partition is done

The disk will look like this.

Disk almost ready
Disk almost ready

11. Creating the Swap partition

Now it is the turn of the Swap partition that Linux uses. So, select the free space and click Continue.

Again, create a partition.

Creating the swap partition to install Kali
Creating the swap partition to install Kali

And assign all the remaining size. This will automatically define it.

Define the swap partition size
Define the swap partition size

Choose the type Logical and click Continue.

Partition Type screen
Partition Type screen

In the partition proposal, in the first field called Use As double click to change the proposal.

Creating the Swap partition
Creating the Swap partition

Then, on the screen that appears select Swap Area and clicks on Continue.

Select the File System to swap
Select the File System to swap

Now see how to change the partitioning proposal. Select Done setting up the partition and click Continue.

Swap partition created
Swap partition created

This is the final proposal of the disk.

The Disk is ready for Kali Linux
The Disk is ready for Kali Linux

In short, we need an EXT4 file system partition with mount on / and a Swap partition.

Select the Finish Partitioning… option and click Continue.

We will be asked for confirmation because this cannot be reversed. Be careful you could lose information. Select Yes and click Continue.

Confirm the disk changes
Confirm the disk changes

This will start the base system installation process.

12. Continue installation

After the disks are formatted and prepared, the whole process will begin.

Install Kali Linux process
Install Kali Linux process

13. Select Software

After the base system is installed, a menu will appear where we can select even more packages to be installed.

Kali Software selection
Kali Software selection

Once you have chosen the packages, another installation process will follow.

14. Install the GRUB boot loader

Then, you will have to choose whether or not to install the grub that is the boot loader. In my case, I have chosen yes.

Installing Grub
Installing Grub

Now you have to choose where to install the grub. The normal way is to do it at the root of the hard disk. Select the hard disk and continue the installation.

Select the grub location
Select the grub location

15. Finish the installation

If everything went well, you will see a message that the installation was successful.

Kali properly installed
Kali properly installed

Restart and log in to your new Kali Linux.

Kali installed
Kali installed

Now you know how to install Kali.

Conclusion

Kali is a distribution focused on security and ethical hacking. If you are preparing for Cyber Security Certification, then learning Kali Linux is must.  So go ahead install it and start learning. You can also install it in a virtual machine to avoid errors.

What do you think about Kali?

Leave us a comment.

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