How to install CakePHP on Debian 11

Learning how to install CakePHP on Debian 11 is a good way to start developing web applications with PHP. This framework stands out for its low learning curve while remaining secure and modern.

CakePHP is a PHP framework that is fast, efficient, and easy to learn. Fortunately, it is open source and is powered by the contributions of the community. The goal of CakePHP is to provide developers with a solid and secure foundation with which to create their web applications.

Among PHP frameworks, CakePHP comes out on top in popularity as one of the most widely used. Some main features of CakePHP are:

  • Flexible licensing
  • Compatible with PHP4 and PHP5
  • Built-in CRUD for database interaction
  • Application support [scaffolding]
  • Code generation
  • Model View Controller (MVC) architecture
  • Request dispatcher [dispatcher], with clean custom URLs and routes
  • Integrated validation

And many more.

Install PHP and some extra modules

Before installing CakePHP it is necessary to install PHP and some of its modules on the system. To achieve this, open a terminal or connect via SSH and update the system.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

And run this command to install PHP and its modules at once.

sudo apt install php php-zip php-intl php-pdo php-intl php-xml php-zip php-mbstring php-xml php-zip php-mbstring php-xml php-zip php-mbstring unzip

You can check the version of PHP running

php -v
PHP 7.4.28 (cli) (built: Feb 17 2022 16:17:19) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.4.0, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies
with Zend OPcache v7.4.28, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies

Installing Composer on Debian 11

Now we need Composer to install CakePHP. To download it to the system, run.

php -r "copy('https://getcomposer.org/installer', 'composer-setup.php');"

Now install it

sudo php composer-setup.php --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

Assign it execution permissions to be able to use it.

sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/composer

Check that Composer is installed by

composer -V
Composer version 2.2.7 2022-02-25 11:12:27

So, everything is fine.

If you want to learn more about Composer, we have the correct post for you.

How To Install and Use PHP Composer on Debian 11

We can continue.

Installing CakePHP on Debian 11

Now we can install CakePHP thanks to Composer. To complete this, run.

composer create-project --prefer-dist cakephp/app [project-name]

Remember to modify [project-name] with the name of your project. At the end, the command will look like this.

composer create-project --prefer-dist cakephp/app new-project
Install CakePHP on Debian 11
Install CakePHP on Debian 11

At the end of the command execution, a new folder with the name of your project will be created. Now you need to access it, so you can notice the CakePHP structure.

cd new-project

Then you just have to start configuring it to your liking. If you want to serve your project, you have to run.

bin/cake server

Although, if you are working on a virtual machine or a server, you can specify a port and a host.

bin/cake server -H [host] -p [port]

All that remains is to open a web browser and go to http://localhost:8765 or to the host and port of your choice. If all goes well, you will see this screen.

CakePHP main page
CakePHP main page

So, this indicates that CakePHP is installed, running, and we can start working with it.

Conclusion

So, CakePHP is a vital PHP framework for many web developers. It has everything necessary to be considered one of the best, with a fairly low learning curve.

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